Today's top News : 22nd July 2021 SHUBOUDHAY

आज के इस न्यूज़ में अंग्रेजी सीखने के साथ-साथ यह भी जानिए कि….
दारू क्यों लग जाती है ?

सती और शिव कि पीछे का कहानी क्या है ?

और ट्यूब लाइट कैसे जलती है ?

के बारे में जानिए विस्तार से

Today's top News : 22nd July 2021 SHUBOUDHAY
News at a glance

t4unews:As per our correspondent Today's top News : 22nd July 2021

1. Eid-ul-Adha was celebrated across the country with limited number of people offering prayers at mosques amid gathering curbs due to the coronavirus pandemic.

2. The income tax department has granted further relaxation in the electronic filing of forms 15CA and 15CB in view of difficulties reported by taxpayers in the filing of forms online on the new e-filing portal incometax.gov in Taxpayers can now file Form 15 CA and Form 15 CB manually till 15 Aug.


3. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has extended the last date for schools to finalise Class 12 results from July 22 to July 25.

4. The board also announced that Class 12 examinations for private candidates would be held between August 16 & September 15.


5. PM Modi to share his thoughts in AIR’s Mann Ki Baat programme on July 25

6. Farmers protesting the three contentious farm laws will start holding a stir at Jantar Mantar in  Delhi from 22 Jul (Thursday) under heavy security with Delhi Lt Governor Anil Baijal giving special permission for demonstrations by a maximum of 200 peasants till August 9.


7. Citizenship Amendment Act and the National Register of Citizens are issues that have nothing to do with Hindu-Muslim divide, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh chief Mohan Bhagwat claimed.

8. Red alert in Mumbai as India Meteorological Department predicts heavy rainfall


9. Signs that your phone has spyware or is hacked : Your smartphone is acting weird. Apps crash unexpectedly or fail to load. Many sites look different than they usually do.  Noticing lots of pop-ups appearing on your screen due to adware. The flash lighting goes on even when you are not using your phone. Your phone gets hot. You notice text or calls in your log that were not sent or made by you.

10. Karnataka Deputy Chief Minister Dr. Ashwatha Narayana who holds the Higher Education portfolio has announced that physical classes in degree colleges will commence from 26 July.


11. The second session of the 15th Kerala Assembly  to begin from today.

12. Covid Curfew in Andhra  Pradesh extended till July 30. Non-curfew hours from 6 am to 10 pm. A penalty ranging from Rs 10,000 to Rs 25,000 would be levied on shops and establishments that allowed any person without a face mask.


13. Trinamul Congress supremo Mamata Banerjee  renewed her call for a “united Opposition” under one umbrella shunning “self-interest”. She said “Khela Hobe” Diwas, which she announced earlier, would be celebrated on August 16 every year. Addressing a virtual rally on the occasion of the TMC’s Shahid Diwas, observed annually.

14. Newly appointed Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee President Navjot Singh Sidhu will take charge on Friday.


15. Minister for Civil Aviation Jyotiraditya Scindia has formed three committees to advise him on critical issues of the industry. The three advisory committees for airlines, airports and maintenance and repair organisations and flight training institutes, comprise CEOs and promoters.

16. Defence Research & Development Organisation today successfully flight tested indigenously developed low weight, Akash surface-to-air missile,  fire and forget Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM). Test range off the Odisha coast.


17. Army Recruitment Rally of Sepoy Pharma will be conducted for eligible candidates of Punjab, J&K, and Ladakh UT from 16 September 2021 to 30 September 2021 at New Amritsar Military Station (NAMS) Khasa Cantonment, Amritsar. Gates will be open at 0400 hrs and will be closed by 0900 hrs on each day. Online registration is mandatory and will be open from 18 July 2021 to 31 August 2021.

✈ INTERNATIONAL NEWS
  
1. The Indian Army & Border Security Force (BSF) on the Eid festival on 21 Jul (Wednesday) exchanged sweets with the Pakistan Army and Rangers respectively on the Line of Control (LOC) and the International Border (IB) in Jammu and Kashmir.

2. Afghanistan Vice-President Amrullah Saleh has hit out at Pakistani Twitter trolls by posting the famous picture of Pakistan Army’s surrender to Indian Army in 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War.


3. Indian foreign minister S Jaishankar spoke to his Iranian counterpart Javad Zarif  against the backdrop of intense fighting raging between the Taliban & Afghan security forces in Afghanistan.

4. The Biden Administration is expected to continue expansion of the bilateral partnership with India and the driving force of the relationship is concern about China’s growing economic and military power in the region.


5. Afghan Army Chief Gen Wali Mohammad Ahmadzai will visit New Delhi next week to explore possibilities of military support.

6. India’s Foreign Secretary Harsh Shringla has said that “growing convergence” between India, Japan on “strategic and economic issues” has the “potential to shape a multi-polar world that is more peaceful, secure and sustainable.” Both countries share close relations and had elevated ties to “Special Strategic and Global Partnership”.


7. Chinese Army has increased its activities along the Barahoti area in Uttarakhand along the Line of Actual Control there as a platoon of the People’s Liberation Army was seen operating recently.

8. A seventh batch of three more Rafale fighter jets arrived in India after flying non-stop for a distance of almost 8,000 km from France, in a further boost to the strike capability of the Indian Air Force. The aircraft were provided mid-air refuelling by the air force of the United Arab Emirates. The new squadron of Rafale jets will be based in Hasimara airbase in West Bengal.


9. Maldives Foreign Affairs Minister & President-Elect of 76th General Assembly of United Nations, Abdulla Shahid has arrived in New Delhi today. During his visit, he will meet Prime Minister Narendra Modi and hold talks with the External Affairs Minister Dr. S Jaishankar on key international, multilateral, regional and bilateral issues of mutual interest.

10. The two-day Environment Ministerial Meeting (EMM) of the G20 countries is scheduled to be held from 22 Jul (Thursday): The meeting is being held in hybrid format and India shall participate through video conferencing.  The 16th G20 Summit in 2021, under Italian Presidency, is slated to revolve around its primary theme of ‘People’, ‘Planet’ and ‘Prosperity’. 


???? WORLD NEWS ????
 
1. Nepali Congress (NC) leader Sher Bahadur Deuba taking charge as Prime Minister, Nepal is likely to return to a period of relative peace after a prolonged gap of political instability.

2.  Three rockets land near Afghan Presidential Palace during Eid prayers, US condemns attack.


3. Russia is cooperating closely with Myanmar to supply military hardware including aircraft.

4. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has extended the ban on international flights from South Asian countries till August 1. Travellers from India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka & Pakistan on any of the Visa will not be able to travel to the Gulf country. It also bans from South Africa and Nigeria until next decision.


5. Russia announced that it had successfully test-fired S-500 its new air defence missile systems at a southern training range of the country and had successfully hit a high-speed ballistic target.
 
6. Belgium holds day of mourning for victims of devastating floods. Heavy rains last week sent floodwaters sweeping through towns and villages.


 Sports:

1. DD Sports will broadcast the Tokyo Olympics live daily while other channels of Doordarshan and the All India Radio will air special programmes.

2. The Tokyo Olympics is scheduled to kickstart on 23 Jul (Friday) & every Indian would be expecting to see their favourite athletes bring home laurels from the greatest sporting stage of the world.

 
3. India can win multiple medals in shooting at the Tokyo Olympics if those taking part on the first day end up winning on Saturday, rifle coach Suma Shirur has said.

4. Saurabh Chaudhary and Abhishek Verma will be in action in men’s 10m air pistol on Saturday while Elavenil Valarivan and Apurvi Chandela turn out for India in women’s 10m air rifle.


 USD 74.44 GBP 102.11
         
???? Gold ₹49,600©10 gm 24 (Krt)
???? Silver  ₹71,500©Kg
⛽ Petrol ₹ 102.51
⛽ Diesel ₹ 94.39
 LPG : ₹ 850.50/14.2 Kg

BSE Sensex  52,198.51
NIFTY : 15,632.10 

???????? Facts about India ????????


Indian Space Research Org.: Formation: 15 August 1969;  (In 1962 as there was INCOSPAR) ISRO built India’s first satellite, Aryabhata, which was launched by the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975.

 India’s Chandrayaan-2 mission marked the completion of Two years of its launch by GSLV MkIII –M1 , The mission took off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota on 22 July 2019 

Administrator: K. Sivan, Secretary (Space) and chairperson, ISRO. 

 Thought of the day 
Money can’t buy Morals 
 
Why❓❓❓

Why does alcohol make us to behave differently? 


Alcohol, or ethanol, is the chemical found in beer, wine and liquor. Alcohol is made by the fermentation of yeast, starch or sugar, including grains like rice and wheat, sugarcane, potatoes, grapes, apples and other fruits. 

The enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), also in the liver and brain, oxidizes the acetaldehyde byproduct into acetic acid. Disulfiram blocks this oxidation by inhibiting ALDH, causing a rapid rise of acetaldehyde in the blood when alcohol is consumed. When we drink alcohol, it is absorbed into the bloodstream through the stomach and small intestine. Alcohol impacts the way we act because it is a chemical depressant that slows down the brain and central nervous system.

The depressant effect of alcohol has a big impact on several brain processes. It changes our thinking, judgment, perception, temperature, reaction time, motor/muscle control, vision, hearing, balance, movement, mood and emotions. It can change the size of the brain and cause psychological disorders to develop. A person can have very unpredictable mood changes and go from happy to sad in a short period of time when drinking. This can cause conflict between people, with fighting and arguing.

  How it works ⁉
 
 How does a fluorescent/ Tube light work? ▫️▫️▫️▫️

 Tube : Filled with Mercury Vapours and inner surface coated with phosphorous.

 Choke/Ballast : Inductor to generate High voltage and to maintain arc.

 Starter : The small glass tube is filled with neon or argon and contains a bi-metallic plate.

When power is applied to a tube light circuit, this voltage is not sufficient to ionize the gas inside the main tube. To get the lamp started you need a spike of high voltage to get the arc started. 

When the starter switch (with the little neon or argon lamp inside) gets warm enough, the bimetallic strip flips the other way, completes the circuit, bypassing the small lamp. The lamp goes out and the entire circuit shorts. During the short the voltage falls to zero. The bimetallic strip cools and pops back open, opening the circuit. In the ballast the transformer had a magnetic field, when the circuit is cut the magnetic field collapses and forms an ‘inductive kick’ from the ballast. Suddenly this kick of high voltage is sent through the lamp and this starts the arc. If it didn’t work, if the lamp is still too cold, then the starter switch will light again and repeat the process.

Current passes through the tungsten electrodes on each end of the lamp. The electrodes are like a filament on an incandescent lamp, when current passes through they heat up and give off free electrons. This process of letting off free electrons is called  thermionic emission 

GK TODAY
   
The University Grants Commission (UGC) formed in 1945. On 28 December 1953, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (former Minister of Education) inaugurated University Grants Commission.

It provides financial assistance to eligible colleges which are included under Section 2(f) and declared fit to receive central assistance (UGC grant) under Section 12 (B) of UGC Act, 1956 as per approved pattern of assistance under various schemes.

Note: The Government is planning to replace University  Grant Commission (UGC) with a new Higher Education Commission of India (HECI).

BORN TODAY

Mukesh Chand Mathur (22 July 1923 – 27 August 1976), better known mononymously as Mukesh, was an Indian playback singer.
Mukesh is considered to be one of the most popular and acclaimed playback singers of the Hindi film industry

 VEDIK GYAN 
  
Story Behind  Sati Devi & Shakti Peeta’s in India 

MAA sati aur Shakti ...jarur dekhe

Daksha, Lord Brahma’s wish-born son, He had 27 daughters and Sati devi is youngest  among  them. Sati Devi decides to marry Lord Shiva, but Daksha detested him and his hermetic lifestyle.

Sati,  went to the Himalayas to meditate and appease Lord Shiva and got married. Daksha did not approve of the marriage, Daksha felt insulted as he had to accept a hermetic Lord Shiva as his son-in-law and decided to avenge his pride. Soon after, he organised a grand yagna (ritual sacrifice) and invited all the gods except Lord Shiva.

Even though Sati Devi took requested Lord Shiva and herself reached to his father to attend Yagna. When Goddess Sati arrived at her father’s house, Daksha welcomed her coldly. He then proceeded to insult her husband in front of the guests. Enraged at her father’s behaviour, Sati Devi sacrificed herself Lord Shiva was furious after learning about Sati’s death. Unable to control his anger, he brought forth superior beings Virabhadra and Bhadrakali, beheaded Daksha. 

Lord Brahma pleaded to Lord Shiva for his son’s life and asked for forgiveness for his behaviour. Lord Shiva calmed down, and revived Daksha by replacing his head with a goat’s head. He placed Goddess Sati’s body on his shoulder and started walking through the Universe, neglecting his duties. 

To help restore balance in the Universe. Lord Vishnu used his sudarshan chakra (a celestial weapon) to cut Sati’s body to pieces, which fell on earth. The total number of body pieces were 52, and they fell on 52 different places. All these places are known as holy 52 Shakti pithas in Hindu religion, and there is a Kali or Shakti temple in each of them. Lord Shiva returned to Mount Kailash to meditate and mourn his wife’s death. Goddess sati eventually returned to Lord Shiva by taking birth as Parvati.

List of 51 Shakti Peethas and Significant body part at that peetham 
 https://www.astrojyoti.com/51-shakti-peethas-of-devi.htm

HEALTH CARE: HOME REMEDIES
 
Neem leaves are excellent for your liver, which automatically enhances your digestion. Apart from this, consuming neem on a daily basis also destroys excess bacteria in the intestinal region and cleanses your colon, further facilitating a smoother digestion

Boil about 20 neem leaves in half a litre of water till the leaves are soft and discoloured, and the water turns green. Strain and store in a bottle. Dip a cotton-ball into it and wipe your face. Lightens skin blemishes: Apply a paste of neem powder, tulsi and sandalwood powder mixed with rose water, on your face.

Goodbye dandruff : Boil a bunch of neem leaves till the water turns green, allow it to cool. After washing your hair with shampoo, cleanse it with this water.

Neem leaf is used for leprosy, eye disorders, bloody nose, intestinal worms, stomach upset, loss of appetite, skin ulcers, diseases of the heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular disease), fever, diabetes, gum disease (gingivitis), and liver problems. The leaf is also used for birth control and to cause abortions. 



Download smart app